How To Install Roof Flashing Against A Wall
It is not uncommon, especially in two story and side split houses to have a roof that butts against a wall, as shown in Figure 1. The correct installation of flashing at this juncture is critical in order to maintain a weather tight seal.
Figure 1 - Roof plane butting against wall
Figure 2 - Step flashing
The proper installation of flashing at the point where the roof meets wall is to use metal step flashing. Metal step flashings are pieces of metal that are shaped like an "L", at least 5 inches wide and tall and 8 inches long, as shown in Figure 2.
A common error is to install all the the flashing against the wall before installing any of the shingles. This is an incorrect procedure.
The step flashing must be installed during the installation of the shingles as each row of shingles overlaps the previous piece of flashing.
If the flashing being installed is butting against a wall that has wood, vinyl, cement board or aluminum siding, the flashing should be installed before the siding so that it sits underneath it.
If the flashing is being installed is against a brick wall then the flashing should sit against the wall and have a layer of asphalt cement between it and the wall.
Stucco presents its own logistics problem. If the stucco is already in place then the flashing must rest against the stucco in a similar manner to that of a brick wall. If the stucco has not been installed then the flashing should be underneath the stucco.
Apply the roofing felt and nail the first piece of step flashing to the lowest point where the roof meets the wall as shown in Figure 3. The step flashing should have a layer of asphalt cement below it.
Figure 3 - Installing first piece of step flashing
Apply a layer of asphalt cement on top of the flashing and install a shingle on top of the step flashing as shown in Figure 4.
Figure 4 - Installing shingle over first piece of step flashing
Install another piece of step flashing on top of the shingle that was just laid and embed it in a layer of asphalt cement, use two nails on the top of the flashing. Each piece of step flashing should overlap the previous piece by a minimum of 2 inches, but should not protrude farther than the leading edge of the next shingle - see Figure 5 and 5b.
Figure 5 - installing second piece of step flashing on top of shingle
Figure 5b - Installing shingle on top of second piece of step flashing
Continue laying the step flashing, asphalt cement and shingles in this manner until you have reached the peak of the roof.