The following information will provide you with an overview of the different roof designs or styles and how a roof is constructed:
Roof Designs and Styles:
Simple Hip Roof
Drip Edge: A metal strip that runs the full length of the roof to direct water run-off away from the building. It also serves to protect the sheathing from moisture damage on the end grain.
Fascia: A piece of material that covers and finishes the ends of the rafters. Usually made of wood the fascia board is generally where gutters are installed.
Flashing: A piece of metal that prevents water ingress around an object that protrudes through or rests directly against the roof, such as a vertical wall, chimney or a vent pipe.
Gable: The triangle shaped portion of the end of a building underneath the roof and above the main portion of the house.
Hip: The external angle that is formed when two slopped roofs intersect.
Rafters: Portion of the roof truss. Beams that run from the bottom of the roof to the top of the roof are termed rafters.
Ridge: The upper most point on the roof running the entire length of the roof.
Sheathing or Decking: The material that covers the rafters, usually a wood based product, such as outdoor grade plywood or chip board, and provides the surface to adhere the roofing material such as slate, shingles, or metal panels.
Soffit: The soffit is the material which is placed under the eaves and fills the area between the house and the end of the eves.
Starter Strip: The first layer of shingles, which is installed in a reverse direction, placed at the edge of the eave to provide protection under the cutouts of the first course of shingles.
Truss: The roof's skeletal structure. A grouping of beams, supporting the roof.
Underlayment: Provides moisture protection. Usually termed tar paper it is either heavy felt paper or a synthetic composition material which is placed on top of the sheathing.
Valley: The internal angle that is formed when two slopped roofs intersect create the feature known as the valley.