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Flooring Information Index

According to numerous studies, flooring remains unchanged in most homes longer than any other item with the exception of bathtubs.

Very few, if any, homeowners plan on changing the flooring in their homes every few years. If you are considering a home improvement that involves replacing the flooring or floor coverings in your home, it is important that you consider all the possible alternatives and weigh the advantages and disadvantages of each type, material and style.

Also see the flooring section of our Quick Tips.

There are seven basic choices of materials for residential flooring:

  • Man-made clay tiles such as ceramic and porcelain,
  • Natural stone tiles such as marble and granite,
  • Wood including Bamboo and engineered hardwoods,
  • Laminate,
  • Vinyl in sheets and tiles,
  • Carpeting including area rugs,
  • Cork.

If you only had to pick between seven choices in might not be that difficult a decision. However, each of those materials has hundreds of variations in color, size, texture, pattern, durability, life, and price.

The following list will guide you to additional information on each aspect of choosing and installing the right flooring material for each room of your home. As well, this section covers floor support, sub-floors, squeaks, sagging and other structural aspects of floors.

The following directory will guide you to additional information on flooring materials, styles, installation and maintenance

Indoor humidity & temperature gauge

Acclimatizing Wood, Laminate & Bamboo Flooring Before Installation

One of the biggest mistakes made by home handymen and professional installers alike is not allowing wood flooring products including, hardwoods, laminates, engineered hardwood, cork and bamboo materials to acclimate or acclimatize themselves to the room where they are to be installed.

area rug

Area Rugs 1

Area Rugs 2

Just like a carpet, an area rug may be flat-woven or exhibit a soft, plushy pile surface.

cross and solid bridging with load on floor

Bridging Floor Joists

Floor joist bridging is critical to the structural strength of a floor. Proper bridging distributes the load on the floor to other joists and over time prevents floors from sagging and squeaking do to floor joists twisting and warping.

black contera stone

Cantera Stone

Cantera stone is a natural occurring mineral that has been formed by millions of years of compression of volcanic ash and lava. It has been used for centuries as a primary construction and ornamental raw material.

wall to wall loop carpet

Carpet Fiber

Carpet Pile

Under Pad

Removing Staples

Carpeting can be a major purchase for your home. You want it to have a long life, look good, and be comfortable to walk on. Before you choose your carpet, it is important to understand the different types of carpet piles, fibers and under pads that are available and their advantages and disadvantages.

ceramic tile

Ceramic Tiles

Replacing Cracked Tiles

Painting Ceramic Tiles


Not all ceramic tiles are produced in the same manner nor do they have the same wear qualities. It is important that you understand why some ceramic tiles are 50 cents a piece and others are $10.

hardwood and marble floor tiles

Combining Flooring Materials

If you want that truly unique floor you can consider the combining of flooring materials. The most common flooring materials to be combined are hardwoods and natural stones such as marble and granite, although the combining of hardwoods with ceramic and porcelain tiles is not uncommon.

cork tile flooring

Cork Flooring Basics

Luxurious Cork Flooring


Cork flooring is beautiful, durability and its additional benefits, as explained in this section cork is an ideal flooring choice for residential where it has been used for centuries.

board and lumber crown

Crowns - Boards & Lumber

Most individuals who perform home improvements or remodeling have come across the term the crown of the board or lumber. Many do not understand the importance of identifying the edge of the board that has the crown.

custom tile design

Designs, Patterns, Layouts For Floor & Wall Tile

One of the design advantages of wall or floor ceramic, porcelain, marble, limestone and granite tiles is the ability to install them in a wide range of patterns or layouts.

Construction of engineered hardwood flooring

Engineered Wood Versus Engineered Hardwood Flooring

One of the many confusing items in the home improvement industry is the difference between engineered wood and engineered hardwood flooring. A quick assumption would indicate that they are basically the same thing.

engineered hardwood flooring

Floating Floors

A floating floor is a floor that is not attached to the sub-floor directly below it. In other words it floats on the sub-floor and hence contracts and expands independent of the sub-floor.

cross bridging not nailed

Floor Joist Bridging

Bridging Modification

Bridging Repair

Deck Bridging

The floor joists are one of the most important structural elements in any home. Over time, they can deteriorate, sag, twist and warp.

Effect Of Wood Shrinkage On Fasteners - Before Shrinkage Of Joist

Floor Systems

Flooring generates some of the most common complaints that builders receive. Squeaking, discoloration, lumps, bumps, and vibrations are but a few of the problems home-owners endure because of material shrinkage or poorly constructed floor systems.

granite floor tile for bathroom or kitchen remodel

Granite Tiles

Replacing Cracked Tile


Granite is the hardest of all building stones with a very dense grain, making it virtually impervious and uniquely applicable for any interior use. If polished, its high-gloss finish will endure even in harsh environments. These characteristics are ideal for flooring, making granite a reliable stone for this applications.

wood flooring

How to Choose Wood Flooring

Wood has been used as a flooring material for centuries. It is durable, relatively easy to care for, can be refinished and few materials have the elegance that a wood flooring provides.

kitchen floor

Kitchen Flooring

Kitchen Flooring Patterns

When considering kitchen flooring material there are three major considerations; safety, comfort and the material's ability to stand-up to water and general wear and tear.

laminate flooring

Laminate Flooring

Laminate Flooring Installation

Manufacturing Process


Acclimatizing Laminate Flooring

Shopping for laminate flooring can be a difficult task. It can be very confusing as most salespeople know very little about what they’re selling.

leather floor in bedroom

Leather Floor & Wall Tiles

Leather floor and wall tiles are a relatively new innovation for the decorator looking for a material and product that is somewhat unique.

limestone floor tile

Limestone Tiles

Replacing Cracked Tile


Limestone is a beautiful stone, generally available in light browns, beiges and yellow shades. Limestone tile is usually provided with a matte finish, which makes it safer to walk on if there is any liquid spilled.

marble tiles for kitchens and bathrooms

Marble Tiles

Replacing Cracked Tile


Marble tiles offer a superb natural alternative for many applications, with a wide variety of types to choose from.

Flooring noise control

Noise Control - Flooring

Eighteen styles of residential wood frame floor construction related to noise transmission levels.

contractor grade parquet flooring

Parquet Flooring

Acclimatizing Parquet Flooring

For many years hardwood parquet flooring has been considered to be the inexpensive hardwood flooring. The basic pattern of 12 inch by 12 inch squares was seen in high-rise apartment buildings throughout North America. This is no longer the situation.

Multi-colored pebble tile

Pebble Tiles

Pebble tiles for walls, floors and shower stalls are one of the latest products to hit the market in home remodeling. They are no more difficult to install than any ceramic, porcelain or glass mosaic tile and are installed in the same manner.

porcelain tile for kitchen and bathroom remodel

Porcelain Tiles

Replacing Cracked Tile

Painting Porcelain Tiles


Porcelain tile is a type of ceramic tile, it is manufactured using a series of unique clay minerals. Porcelain is a very resistant and durable product, it has a very hard surface and a solid structure.

steel support column on concrete footing

Sloping / Sagging Floors

Before you attempt to jack-up a sagging or sloping floor it is important to understand why the floor is sagging in the first place. Steps to take to remediate a sagging or sloping floor.

cross and solid bridging for floor joists

Squeaky Floor Repair

Very few items in a home are more annoying than squeaky floors. Squeaky floors are a result of one or more of five possible problems. This article describes the five causes and the methods that can be undertaken to correct the problems.

wood subfloor

How To Level A Subfloor

Many home handymen rush the completion of the subfloor and/or do not pay enough attention to providing a sound and flat base for the finish material. They believe that the finish material will hide and or correct any discrepancies and misalignments with the subfloor and this couldn’t be farther from the truth.

travertine onyx floor tile

Travertine / Onyx

Travertine, as it is known in North America or Onyx as it is known in Europe, is a natural stone that has been used as a material for construction for centuries. The Roman Coliseum is constructed using Travertine.

Four of the many types of underlayment available


A few years ago the choice of underlayment for use with laminate or engineered hardwood flooring was a simple question with a simple answer. However, manufacturers and their technologies do not stand still. Newly created underlayment have benefits which previously were not available, making the choice of the proper underlayment, for your situation, a much more complex decision.

vinyl plank flooring

Vinyl Plank Flooring Installation

One of the newest flooring products to enter the market is vinyl plank flooring. Unlike other vinyl flooring materials this product is designed to be a floating floor.

sheet vinyl flooring in kitchen

Vinyl Sheet Installation

Installing sheet vinyl flooring can be a challenge even for the most competent handymen. There are some basic techniques that will save you time, effort and frustration.